Flat Belt Pulleys
Smooth belt pulleys are being used in transmission systems that are driven by smooth belts, typically high-speed, low-power applications in textiles, paper making, and office machinery such as for example computer printers. Toned belts are as well used for conveyors. In comparison to plied belts of equal horsepower, smooth belts are thinner by 25% or more, which allows toned belt pulleys to always be smaller than V-belt pulleys. Toned belts are as well less expensive than belts found in a serpentine belt pulley. One safety component is normally that in overtorque circumstances, the belt can slip, protecting against damage to equipment other than the belt itself. Flat belts require toned pulleys and flat pulley idlers. They don’t necessarily require grooved flat belt pulleys. A set pulley idler can also be applied for the trunk side of a typical V-belt. Flat belt drive pulleys apply motive capacity to the belt.
Features
Flat belt pulleys and toned belt idler pulleys can have a molded crown, which helps to center the belt, prevents rubbing against the outside flanges, and support under the centre of the belt, where there is the most stress. The crown also helps to keep the belt on the toned belt pulley (belts have a tendency to move to the tightest placement). Occasionally, a flat belt drive includes a monitoring sleeve or other system for keeping the belt on the toned pulley.
Specifications
Specifications for toned belt pulleys include:
· belt width
· outside diameter
· bore size
· hub diameter
· hub projection
Tension on a set belt is usually establish by adjusting the length between pulleys to extend belts by a tiny amount, such as for example 2%.
Standards
Standards for flat belt pulleys happen to be maintained by the Foreign Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technological Committees 41 (pulleys and belts) and 101 (continuous mechanical handling apparatus). In the Countrywide Electrical Producers Association (NEMA) publication, Motors and Generators (MG 1), Section 14.7 mentions toned belt pulleys.
Flat Belts Information

Flat belts are designed for light-duty power transmitting and high-performance conveying. They are best-suited for applications with smaller pulleys and huge central distances. Flat belts can connect outside and inside pulleys and can come in both limitless and jointed construction. They have a higher power transmission effectiveness, are cost effective, and are easy to use and install.
Operation
The tiny bending cross-section of the flat belt causes small bending loss. The frictional engagement on the pulley outer surface requires simply a small cross-section and makes toned belts very flexible, leading to negligible energy loss. A flat belt will not require grooves, minimizing the strength loss and wear from the belt wedging in and taking out from the grooves.
Additional benefits of flat belts include energy savings, a long service life of belts and pulleys, less down time and substantial productivity, and low noise generation from a even belt operation. Flat belts could be installed easily and securely. Belts happen to be tensioned to the calculated initial tension by means of basic calculating marks to be employed to the belt. You will find a constant tension on the belt so the belt will not really ought to be re-tensioned.
A disadvantage of flat belts is their reliance about belt tension to produce frictional grip over pulleys. This high belt stress necessary to transmit power generally shortens bearing lifestyle. Another drawback is their failing to track properly given that they tend to climb towards the higher part of the pulley, which explains why V-belts > have grown in popularity. A V-belt is definitely a simple belt for power tranny. They are generally endless in engineering and their cross-section shape is trapezoidal, giving it the identity V-belt. The V form of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the pulley to ensure that the belt cannot slide off.
Construction
Three common designs of flat belts include:
Fabric ply belts consist of many plies or layers that are constructed of cotton or synthetic fiber, with or without rubber impregnation. The quantity of plies determines the belt thickness that will assist determine the lowest pulley diameter for the drive.
Fabric cord belts are constructed of multiple cords made from cotton or synthetic fibers such as rayon, nylon, plastic-type, or Kevlar. They are incased in rubber and protected with a fabric/runner covering. This type is normally classed as a heavy-duty smooth belt, used for excessive speeds, little pulley diameters, and shock loads. Steel cables can even be used because they have higher capacity and lower extend than fabric cord flat belts.
Synthetic toned belts are made of nylon. Nylon offers flexibility, extremely substantial tensile durability, and operates effectively at huge rim speeds. The belts are thin and they may consist of several plies of skinny nylon bonded at the same time to form a hardcore but flexible flat belt.
Flat belts generally have a traction layer made of oriented polyamide with two covers of elastomer leather or perhaps textile materials and one intermediate level of textile on each area. The traction coating absorbs the forces exerted on the belt when electric power can be transmitted. The friction cover ensures that the peripheral push acting on the belt pulleys is certainly transmitted to the belt and vice-versa.
Specifications
Specifications that are essential to consider include: belt type, belt width, and initial elongation. If these factors adjust, the belt must be recalculated.
Power transmission belt materials types include polyester, aramide, and polyamide.
Polyester is the most typical material due to it price-to-benefit ratio. It gives a versatile belt that can be used in an array of operating temperature ranges with low energy consumption, high flexibility, and efficient performance.
Aramide is a solid choice for prolonged belts because of the short take-up and high reliability for number of revolutions (RPM) and belt speed. It is highly flexible, easy to join, has a high E-modulus, and low strength consumption.
Polyamide is reliable and has a long service lifestyle. It can work in various conditions and capabilities well in extreme conditions with intermittent overload and high temperature ranges. Polyamide is shock resistant and grooves permit high grip.
Belt width is simply the width of the belt. The tensile pressure for 1% elongation per unit of width after running-in (N/mm), k1% a.r.i., is the decisive benefit for calculating the mandatory belt width and the resulting shaft load after belt relaxation
Correct and sufficient initial elongation is usually a pre-requisite for trouble-free operation of power transmission toned belts. The calculated primary elongation (ε0) must be observed. In systems with a tensioning pulley, the pulley is located on the slack side and pushes the belt to provide the mandatory initial elongation. In systems with out a tensioning device the mandatory initial elongation depends upon reducing the distance of the shortened belt duration, which may be the fabrication length. Always utilize the calculated original elongation provided by the manufacture when putting in a belt.
When choosing a belt drive it is important to consider the speeds of and vitality transmitted among drive and driven unit, suitable distance among shafts, and appropriate operating conditions.
The equation for power is:
Electrical power (kw) = (torque in newton-meters) x (rpm) x (2∏ radians)/(60 sec x 1000W)
Applications
The energy transmission flat belt can be utilized in many types of power transmission. It is referred to as a two pulley drive, consisting of a driving pulley, a influenced pulley, and the belt. Below are examples of pulley design variations.
Flat belts could be customized for an array of applications. Such configurations incorporate an incline to transport product to another level. Flat belts may also have a monitoring sleeve under the system to make sure that the belt does not slide, or that the coefficient of friction could be adjusted to prevent slippage.
Usual applications include conveyors, compressors, machine tools, and different heavy industrial equipment.
Standards
Flat belts must stick to certain standards and specifications to ensure proper design and efficiency. JIS B 1852is usually important for pulleys for flat tranny belts and ISO 22 is utilized to identify measurements and tolerances for flat transmission belts and corresponding pulleys.