Two important ideas in gearing are pitch surface and pitch angle. The pitch surface area of a gear is the imaginary toothless surface that you would possess by averaging out the peaks and valleys of the individual teeth. The pitch surface of an ordinary gear is the form of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a equipment is the angle between the face of the pitch surface area and the axis.

The most familiar kinds of bevel gears have pitch angles of significantly less than 90 degrees and therefore are cone-shaped. This kind of bevel gear is called external since the gear teeth point outward. The pitch surfaces of meshed external bevel gears are coaxial with the apparatus shafts; the apexes of the two areas are at the point of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears which have pitch angles in excess of ninety degrees possess teeth that time inward and are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of precisely 90 degrees possess teeth that time outward planetary gearbox parallel with the axis and resemble the points on a crown. That’s why this kind of bevel gear is named a crown gear.

Mitre gears are mating bevel gears with equal numbers of teeth and with axes in right angles.

Skew bevel gears are those that the corresponding crown equipment has tooth that are straight and oblique.